Reliability and Validity of Non-radiographic Methods of Forward Head Posture Measurement: A Systematic Review

The strongest levels of evidence for reliability support the use of classic photogrammetry. Further studies are required to strengthen the level of evidence on the reliability and validity of the remaining methods examined, including Goniometry and Photographic Posture Analysis Method (PPAM).


Published: 5 August 2022
Authors: Konstantinos Mylonas, Pavlos Angelopoulos, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis, Maria Tsekoura, and Konstantinos Fousekis

Find the article at Cureus.

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